Many people have written about their thoughts on Apartheid. There are many blogs available that will give you a good picture of what actually happened during that time. Here are some blogs that are worth reading.
The Apartheid pages – Tia Mysoa
In this blog the author describes the period of apartheid and the major events that took place during that time. To read the blog visit the link http://tia-mysoa.blogspot.com/p/pandoras-apartheid-box.html.
Life under Apartheid – The Jerusalem Post
This blog is about a journalist’s life in South Africa during the period of apartheid. You can read the blog following the link http://www.jpost.com/Blogs/From-Dorotheas-Desktop/Life-Under-Apartheid-407459.
The Legacy of Aparthed – SouthAfrica.com
This blog explains what apartheid is and how it all started. You can read the blog following the link http://www.southafrica.com/blog/the-legacy-of-apartheid.
Sleeping Realm – The Home Of The Finest Dreams
This website not only has the best air mattress reviews but arguably the most complete and interesting guide on Apartheid. We highly recommend that you check it out!
These blogs will give you an idea how horrible that period of apartheid was. You will learn about the history of South Africa, influence of the great leader Nelson Mandela, how people suffered during those days and how they were finally freed.
Nelson Mandela was born in period when there was racial oppression and segregation in South Africa. His life’s mission was to fight for the equal rights of people in South Africa. He spent 27 years in prison for his stand against Apartheid.
Nelson Mandela was born in 1918 in the village of Mvezo in South Africa. His father was an advisor of the Thembu Royal family. Mandela was the first member of his family to go to school. From the age of 12 he started to learn the art of leadership. He observed the council meetings and how business was run in his village. Since then he started noticing the segregation in race in his society. When he went to college, the difference was more evident.
When he was 19 years old, he learned about the African National Congress (ANC). He started to attend ANC meetings in 1941. He managed the Youth League in 1944. Mandela’s position started to rise within the ANC. He became the executive of the Transvaal Provincial ANC.
Apartheid began when the National Party became the government. There was racial segregation everywhere. Nelson Mandela was aware of the tension that was developing in his country. In 1950 Mandela became the president of the Youth League and a member of the National Executive Committee of ANC. In 1952 he became the deputy president of the ANC. He started breaking the segregation laws and became the volunteer-in-chief of the defiance campaign. He became recognized in public for his bold acts. Mandela was arrested and was declared as a ‘banned’ person and was not allowed to leave Johannesburg or meet any political people. The ANC was later banned and Mandela understood that he has to take a radical step in stopping all these.
1961 Nelson Mandela became the first leader of a new armed wing of ANC called MK. MK launched a campaign against the government. In 1962, Mandela went abroad illegally. He went to Ethiopia to attend a conference of African nationalist leaders and underwent guerilla training in Algeria. He also went to London. Mandela was arrested shortly after his return and was sentenced for five years for leaving the country and supporting the 1961 workers’ strike. Later, he was charged of treason and violent conspiracy.
Nelson Mandela and seven others were given life imprisonment and the trial gained a lot of international attention. Mandela spent 27 years in jail. For 18 years he was at the Robbin Island prison in a small room with no bed. He had to work in a lime quarry. He received less rations and other privileges than his white inmates and was punished severely for slightest offenses. While in jail, armed only with a pen and his espresso, he wrote and passed on political statements and a draft of his autobiography which was published after several years.
Nelson Mandela became the symbolic leader of the anti-apartheid movement. In 1980 ‘Free Nelson Mandela’ campaign was introduced. The goverenment offered Mandela some political compromises in exchange of his freedom which Mandela rejected. Finally, due to pressure from international leaders the ban of ANC was lifted in 1989 and Mandela was released in 1990. After his freedom Mandela talked with the National Party and other political parties about the end of apartheid and forming a multiracial government.
The first multiracial election was held in 1994 and Mandela was elected as the first black president of South Africa. His contribution to the anti-apartheid movement will never be forgotten by the world.
Apartheid means racial segregation. Apartheid started after the World War II by the National Party and Broederbond organizations. The National Party was dominated by the Afrikaner, that is, the white South Africans whose ancestors were French, German, Dutch or Belgian. The white South Africans suppressed the black South Africans in every way. Here are some highlights of that dreadful period.
Highlights of Apartheid:
The nonwhite South Africans had to live in separate places. They were not allowed to use any public facilities that the white South Africans had access to.
There was very minimum contact between the two groups of people. They hardly met at any social gathering.
The laws of this period were effective for 50 years! It began in the 19th century.
In the first phase of the 20th century, the British colonial administrators adapted the teaching of John Ruskin. The white race would be the leader and help other races to work towards goal of equality. But throughout the process a certain level of separation was maintained.
The black South Africans were mainly offered labor intensive jobs. By doing so the white South Africans ensured that the mental competence of the blacks was not equal to theirs.
The racial segregation developed in South Africa even before Apartheid started. It all began from the controversial 1913 Land Act which marked the beginning of territorial segregation.
In 1950 marriages between whites and people of different races were banned. Even sexual relations were prohibited between the white South Africans and black South Africans.
A set of Land Acts were passed in the parliament according to which 80% of South Africa’s land was allocated for the white South Africans.
Resistance to the Apartheid policy began during the 1950s and 1960s. Major opposing leaders were arrested. They were imprisoned for a long time. Nelson Mandela was kept in prison from 1963 to 1990. It is his imprisonment that drew international attention.
The United Nations General Assembly voted against apartheid in 1973. In 1976 the UN Security Council banned the selling of arms to South Africa. Economic sanctions were imposed by the United States and United Kingdom on South Africa.
In 1994 a new constitution was in place due to international pressure which led to form a government with nonwhite majority. Thus, the apartheid system came to an end.
There are many lessons to be taken from the Apartheid system. It has set an example for the rest of the world that racism cannot go much further. Great leaders like Nelson Mandela will always be remembered for their contribution to end the dark period of South Africa.